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Carso e turismo

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Ieri insieme all’europarlamentare slovena Tanja Fajon e al presidente della commissione Trasporti e Turismo Brian Simpson ho incontrato gli amministratori locali del Carso sloveno e italiano nel comune di Comeno (Slovenia) per discutere le politiche di sviluppo transfrontaliero nel campo del turismo.
Si è trattato di un ottimo esempio di sinergia transfrontaliera che si è sviluppato a partire dalle amministrazioni locali e ha saputo coinvolgere il Parlamento europeo.
Riferendosi al territorio del Carso, il presidente Simpson ha osservato che c’è tutto quanto serve a un’ottima offerta turistica, ma bisogna lavorare a una strategia comune per farlo conoscere. Uno sforzo che è fondamentale sia fatto anche dai due governi, italiano e sloveno, sviluppando le infrastrutture al servizio del turismo, che poi portano posti di lavoro e risorse all’indotto. Gli stessi progetti che vengono presentati alla UE, ha puntualizzato, sono accolti se hanno il sostegno dei Governi e dalle regioni.
Per sostenere il turismo nell’area del Carso per prima cosa è necessario mettere le persone in grado di raggiungerlo, servono cioè infrastrutture che siano al servizio del territorio. Non basta una collaborazione che è già ottima ma bisogna saper ricorrere agli strumenti comunitari esistenti, penso ai progetti pilota e in prospettiva ai Gruppi europei di cooperazione transfrontaliera. Serve soprattutto una sinergia più forte e coesa.
Il vicepresidente della provincia di Trieste, Igor Dolenc, ha auspicato che nella strategia di marketing comune si evitino sovrapposizioni e duplicazioni. L’anniversario del 2014 con i cento anni dallo scoppio della Prima guerra mondiale si presenta come un’occasione importante per tutto il Carso.

Questa è la traccia dell’intervento che ho preparato per l’incontro:

The area of Karst should be considered as a fruitful source able to offer many opportunities in the tourism sector.
First of all, it is important to break down the boundaries presents in the consciousness of the inhabitants of the Karst and in order to do so it is necessary to involve all the local institutions. The local administration of both Countries are cooperating to reach this objective but we have to go forward to find the right synergy and try to reach more ambitious objectives in line with all EU instruments.
Actually the collaboration between operators is already in place as regards as the offer of food and wine and other features of Karst. And we have to start from this already existing cooperation between the two Countries in order to realize joint projects already implemented but needed to be updated to reflect nowadays needs.
It is therefore necessary a cross-border collaboration to develop sustainable projects in the tourism sector. If you consider the special characteristics of this area, (the presence of thousands of caves of various sizes and a rich network of trails (sentieri) that you can do by foot or by mountain bike, which branch out through the various characteristics of the landscape) it is easily thinking at the realization of some projects that should protect Karst from pollution and the wild construction. For example, for years, some caves of the Trieste Karst have been used as landfill. The ecosystems risk to be compromised.
We have to stop it and using the resource to enhance the whole area but without compromising the naturalness of this site. For this reason, I stress out the importance of networks such as NECSTouR (European network of regions committed to the issue of sustainable tourism) and EDEN (European destination fro excellence) for the exchange of good practices between European regions and the promotion of sustainable destinations as it has been already stated in the report on tourism voted by the EP last year.
The karst plateau (altopiano) has a great natural importance for its unique geology and the European Commission should start to think at creating a cross-border tourism that combines the Italian and Slovenian Karst. The desire by both parties is to create a real “Karst package” with a logo and marketing techniques to tickle the interest of a particular type of tourism based on traditions and history of the two places and on nature.
One idea to be considered could be a European pilot project on historical or natural routes by taking benefit from the geology of the both Countries.
But this pilot project should be the first step to synthesize all the past experiences of trans-border projects, often addressed to specific sectors, and we should start to think to a unique “container “or a “control room” that considers the area of Kras in a whole and in all different activities that the territory needs.
I think it would be useful to have a common commitment of all European deputees so that a pilot project can get the funds needed. The resources may also be used to lay the foundations for a European group of local cooperation, as required by Regulation no. 1082/2006 of the European Parliament and the Council of 5 July 2006.
The experience, already occurred few miles from here between the towns of Gorizia, Nova Gorica and Šempeter, is an example that can stimulate cross-border communities of Kras and all the local governments.
As a member of the European Parliament, I stay at disposal because I do believe in this project.

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